How would you explain the concept of doshas?

Ayurveda doctors and experts answer your questions.

Doshas are the elements that support human body and the root meaning of the word is something that is likely to get vitiated. The three doshas are the three pillars that upkeep the health when they are in equilibrium. These elements are VATA, PITTA and KAPHA.

  • Vata is the element that aids the movements within the body which includes movement of air, blood, nerve impulses, muscles and bones. It is composed of air and space. 
  • Pitta is the fire which aids the digestion, metabolism, hormonal and enzymatic functions. 
  • Kapha is made of Earth and Water that aids the nutrition and growth of the body. It also plays a vital role in up keeping  balanced state of mind and body.

In Ayurveda, all three doshas have their own sub types and sites. The kind of diseases that they produce has distinct characteristics from others. The different types of tastes and seasons oversee their balance and imbalances. Among the age groups, Vata gets dominated in old age, Pitta among the middle aged people and Kapha leads in children.

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According to Ayurveda philosophy, the entire universe is interplay of five elements. They are space, air, fire, water and earth. These elements reflect their qualities which can be perceived by our sense organs. In the human body, these elements undergo permutation and combination to form 3 energies known as Dosha. They are Vata, Pitta and Kapha.

These 3 Doshas represent the physiological functioning of a living body.

VATA is composed of space and air elements. Vata in the body can be compared to wind in the external atmosphere. Similar to the qualities of wind, Vata is dry, light, cold, rough, minute and mobile. Just like the wind moves leaves and clouds, Vata is responsible for all movements within the body, transmission of nerve impulses and elimination of wastes from the body.

PITTA is composed of fire and water elements. It can be compared to flames in the external atmosphere. Pitta is unctuous, hot sharp, light and can flow. Pitta is responsible for all heat related processes like digestion, metabolism, body temperature and endocrine functions.

KAPHA is a combination of water and earth elements. In the external universe, it can be correlated to mud and water mixed together. Kapha has qualities like unctuousness, coldness, heaviness, slowness, smoothness and stability. It is the force which governs stability, structure, nourishment and moisture in our body.

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According to ayurveda the human body is the equilibrium of three vital factors called doshas (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) which are having anatomical and physiological domains to maintain the normalcy of life. These three doshas are controlling, regulating and maintaining the all activates of the entire body. Whenever there is an imbalance in the harmony (qualitative and quantitative) of these doshas due to different reasons, we call it as a disease. 

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