THE TEAM OF NATTIKA AYURVEDA BEACH RESORT DOCTORS, IN HIS TALK WITH ZUZANA ZWIEBEL, INTRODUCES THEIR WAY TO AYURVEDA
The Nattika Beach Ayurveda Resort team under the leadership of Chief physician Dr. K.P Hema replied to our questions:
Dr. K.P Hema (Chief Physician)
Dr. Arul Susan George (Deputy Chief Physician)
Dr Suhas S.V (Senior Consultant)
Dr Radhakrishnan S. (Consultant Physician)
Dr Shahina M.S (Consultant Physician)
Dr Regina Antony (Consultant Physician)
Dr Nitha Gopalan (Diet Consultant)
Dr Ajith K.J (Diet Consultant).
Ayurveda is an ancient Indian science of medicine and is one of the world’s oldest healthcare systems. This system not only focuses on curing a disease, but also aims to maintain and improve the health and immunity of an individual through lifestyle practices and the use of natural remedies and medication. In Sanskrit, ‘Ayu’ means life and ‘Veda’ means knowledge. Hence, ‘Ayurveda’ means the science of life. This science gives us the knowledge of life and longevity.
Life according to Ayurveda is a combination of the body, senses, mind, and soul. When these four factors are held together, life exists. A healthy life depends on the harmony at all these levels. The mind, soul and body are considered as the tripod of life. Ayurveda uses a holistic approach to maintain a balance between these elements and to bring the body’s physiology back to normalcy.
Health according to Ayurveda is a state of balance. A person is said to be healthy when:
Among these, the state of mental health is given more importance. In Ayurveda, among mind, soul and body, the mind is considered to be superior.
There are subjective parameters mentioned in Ayurveda which helps in assessment of health of a person. These physical and mental parameters change continuously depending on the time of the day, the season and age of the individual. The diagnostic tools like 'ashta sthana pareeksha, dasavidha pareeksha, saara pareeksha' help a physician to access the health of an individual.
Some of the signs of a healthy individual are:
Ayurveda explains disease as an imbalance in the harmonious state of the body. This imbalance can occur due to internal factors like aggravation or decrease in body humors, external factors like trauma, toxins or at the level of mind. That which causes uneasiness or grief to the body or mind is called disease.
According to Ayurveda principles, the process of disease manifestation is given utmost importance. Knowing the root cause of disease and the process of its manifestation helps in earlier diagnosis and treatment.
Explanation of pathogenesis starts with the exposure to etiological factors. These factors disturb the equilibrium of the body humors and cause its vitiation. The vitiated humors accumulate and aggravate in their own sites within the body. These aggravated body humors spread to other parts of the body in different directions and gets lodged within the body tissues. Here, the amalgamation of vitiated humors and body tissues begin. The premonitory symptoms of a disease are formed at this stage.
If the disease is not identified and treated at this stage, the vitiated humors cause further damage to the tissues and organs and leads to manifestation of signs and symptoms of the disease. If treatment is delayed further, the disease progresses to a stage of incurability and becomes associated with complications.
The importance of this stage-wise understanding of pathogenesis is that the disease can be identified before it progresses further and the pathogenesis can be intervened by lifestyle changes or medications.
According to Ayurveda philosophy, the entire universe is interplay of five elements. They are space, air, fire, water and earth. These elements reflect their qualities which can be perceived by our sense organs. In the human body, these elements undergo permutation and combination to form 3 energies known as Dosha. They are Vata, Pitta and Kapha.
These 3 Doshas represent the physiological functioning of a living body.
VATA is composed of space and air elements. Vata in the body can be compared to wind in the external atmosphere. Similar to the qualities of wind, Vata is dry, light, cold, rough, minute and mobile. Just like the wind moves leaves and clouds, Vata is responsible for all movements within the body, transmission of nerve impulses and elimination of wastes from the body.
PITTA is composed of fire and water elements. It can be compared to flames in the external atmosphere. Pitta is unctuous, hot sharp, light and can flow. Pitta is responsible for all heat related processes like digestion, metabolism, body temperature and endocrine functions.
KAPHA is a combination of water and earth elements. In the external universe, it can be correlated to mud and water mixed together. Kapha has qualities like unctuousness, coldness, heaviness, slowness, smoothness and stability. It is the force which governs stability, structure, nourishment and moisture in our body.
Even though Ayurveda and Naturopathy are natural systems of medicine, they are entirely different fields of practice. Naturopathy concentrates on the body’s ability to heal itself. Ayurveda integrates the body, senses, mind and soul to prevent and cure ailments with medications, external and internal therapies and life style changes. Naturopathy adopts measures like natural therapies, nutrition and acupuncture to promote the self-healing power of the body.
The aim of Ayurveda is to restore health and well-being of a healthy person and to cure the disease of the diseased. In today’s world, a lot of options and facilities are available for treatment of various disorders. But what makes Ayurveda stand out is its holistic and personalized approach to diagnostics and treatments.
In order to achieve health, Ayurveda deals with physical, mental, spiritual, social and environmental aspects. It is not just a system that treats through medicines and therapy; it also gives equal importance to non-drug related approaches like lifestyle modification, personal hygiene, dietary rules and exercise. Great emphasis has been given to daily and seasonal regimen which has to be followed to maintain the health of an individual.
When it comes to mental and social aspects, Ayurveda has explained regarding concepts like code of conduct, social behaviour, emotions that should be controlled and yoga. Its aim is to ensure the development of a community leading to a healthy society.
Every system of medicine is having its on importance and philosophy in treating a diseases condition. Every system is having merits and demerits. In Ayurveda science, along with treating a disease condition, prevention of diseases is also very important. Ayurveda principles guides the individual to maintain health by adopting proper diet and regimen. Ayuverda not only focus on mere symptomatic treatment but tries to access the root cause of the health condition and helps to reverse it with equal consideration to mental and spiritual wellbeing.
Lead by Dr.K.P.Hema, answers the questions about ayurveda treatment and healing, yoga, meditation, diet, life style, history, philosophy, but also give practical advices for daily life and traveling.
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